What is CBD?

What is CBD?

CannabidiolCBD—is an industrial hemp-derived cannabis compound that has significant medical benefits but does not make people feel “stoned” and can counteract the psychoactive effects of THC. Cannabidiol can be taken into the body in multiple different ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by mouth. It may be supplied as oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no added THC or terpenes), a full-plant CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, and capsules or as dried cannabis. CBD may be useful either as a treatment for a specific illness or in a smaller dose for maintenance of good health.

In 1940, American organic chemist Roger Adams used ethanol extraction to produce a 'red oil' from Minnesota hemp. The resulting oil was documented to have a 45-50% concentration of CBD.

In 1963, Raphael Mechoulam and Y Shvo working in Rehovoth, Israel published a study on cannabidiol. This paper defines the complete chemical structure of CBD for the first time. This definition was possible thanks to new imaging techniques like NMR spectroscopy and X-ray structure determination.

In 1964, Mechoulam also went on to identify the chemical structure of THC. Today he is known as the 'Father of Cannabis' thanks to his ongoing studies and contributions.

In the USA the consumption of CBD hemp derived oil is federally legal, since CBD hemp oil falls under the same importation and commerce laws as other hemp products. Some US states have not enacted legislation specifically relating to CBD hemp oil and continue to use high THC cannabis laws to govern the status of CBD. At the same time many states have legislated to legalize or decriminalize marijuana derived cannabis.

This has raised a lot of curiosity and questions from people who want to try CBD.  Cannabidiol helps stabilize moods and ease depression, according to recent research spearheaded by Samir Haj-Dahmane at Buffalo University. He says the research is just beginning to ramp up on these compounds derived from cannabis. CBD is even showing promise in treating autism, starting with helping manage aggressive mood swings. This is a much safer alternative to drugs.

CBD has the same effect with or without the marijuana chemicals. This was also proven in a study with rats, where the scientists broke some bones in the rats and gave them both kinds of the natural medicines. CBD in other words, has the same effect with or without THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), this means people do not need to “get high” to get well. That dispels the myth and provides a sense of relief for those who may get anxious or paranoid from smoking pot, and would like to still benefit from hemp derived CBD, hemp seed oil or hemp seeds.

CBD can be ingested by mouth as oil drops (tincture) or a powder that dissolves in water (isolate), made into a food to be eaten (edibles), used on the skin as an oil or a cream to rub in (topical). Vaping CBD, the most popular method, refers to heating the CBD so it can be inhaled. This method is favored because the effect is felt quicker than the other methods previously mentioned. Anyone who needs long-lasting relief from pain or other symptoms such as inflammation or sleeplessness, might find faster relief by first vaping and then ingesting a food made with CBD. 

CBD has a positive effect in managing and treating chronic pain, PTSD, anxiety, depression and nausea to name a few. There is no record from any source of a death or serious injury from CBD usage, it is a non-toxin. If you are taking medications, always consult your physician before beginning a CBD regime.

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